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APA Style: Publication Manual

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This guide is for the 6th Edition of APA.

The 7th Edition of APA came out on Oct. 1, 2019.

We will update this guide as soon as we can! 

Below are some highlights between the two versions:

chart comparing 6th versus 7th edition

Taken from this article

APA Core Elements

Researchers in the social sciences (education, psychology, linguistics, sociology, economics, criminology, social work, business, etc.) use APA Style for research papers, empirical studies, literature reviews, theoretical articles, and case studies.

APA Style

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number, page range. URL or DOI
           doi:0000000/000000000000 or


Wu, N., Schairer, L., Dellor, E., & Grella, C. (2010). Childhood trauma and health outcomes in adults with comorbid substance abuse
          and mental health disorders. Addictive Behaviors, 35(1), 68-71. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2009.09.003.

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of document. Retrieved from http://Web address


Smith, D. (2001). Can't get your 40 winks? Here's what the sleep experts advise. Monitor on Psychology, 32(9). Retrieved from


Last, A. A., Last, B. B., & Last, C. C. (Descriptor, like Ed. Cont. Trans.). (Year). Book title (Edition, Vols x-n, pp.nnn-yyy, if applicable). [Applicable descriptive information like Brochure]. City: Publisher.

*Substitute (n. d.). for the year if there is no known date of publication.


Swartling, S. O. & Mayer, P. (2008). Climber's guide to Devil's Lake (3rd ed.). Madison, WI:                                                                

     University of Wisconsin Press.


Include the author's last name and publication year. For a direct quotation, include the page number.

Kessler (2003) found that among epidemiological samples...

Early onset results in a more persistent and severe course (Kessler, 2003).

In 2003, Kessler's study of epidemiological samples showed that...

Check the OWL at Purdue for more info on in-text APA citations:

For examples of citing multiple authors in-text, check out this discussion and the examples on the APA blog:

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