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Literature Searches for Animal Testing Alternatives

For help completing IACUC protocol applications.

Things to Avoid

  • Using the word (or variations of the word) “alternative” or the phrase "animal testing alternatives" as the only strategy to retrieve information
  • Keywords that are irrelevant to your protocol
  • Range of years covered by the search that is not large enough (e.g., 2011-2012 instead of 1990-2012)
  • Searching for too many keywords at one time
  • Using too many limiting options or search filters
  • Using databases that index identical content
    • For instance, using PubMed and another instance of Medline or PubMed and Google Scholar

*Not all strategies and operators are applicable for all databases and resources