Basics of Systematic Reviews



aims to help authors improve the reporting of systematic reviews and meta-analyses.

  • Evidence-based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses
  • Primarily focuses on the reporting of reviews evaluating the effects of interventions
  • Can also be used as a basis for reporting systematic reviews with objectives other than evaluating interventions



High-quality systematic review (SR) reports should accurately document all of the steps and judgments in the SR process using clear language that is understandable to users and stakeholders.

  • Should provide enough detail that a knowledgeable reader could reproduce the results
  • Summarize the methodological strengths and weaknesses of the SR
  • Include language designed to help nonexperts interpret and judge the value of the SR
  • Poor reporting/lack of reproducibility is the most common problem with inadequate SRs
  • Librarian should be able to provide reproducible search string and methods if included on your team