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Intro to Population Data- (Huang)

This course guide is about Population Data at a national and regional level, concentrating on public health issues.

Articles on Public Health- Vaccine (Global)

Reference -China. What demographic variables are associated with vaccine refusal?

  • Educational background

  • experiences with diseases and vaccines

  • income level 

  • Residency

Reference -Turkey. What demographic variables are associated with vaccine refusal?

  • Educational background

  • Experiences with disease/vaccines/health professionals 

  • Income level

  • Residency 

Which demographic populations need outreach to encourage vaccine uptake?

Opposite of Shanghai in reference 1, individuals in Turkey who refused vaccination were high-income level and had high education levels. These families had a distrust of medical/health professionals and a perception of high individual risk. (developed geographical regions of Turkey)

Case Studies of Vaccine attitude in Central and South Texas

Reference Study from The University of Texas at Austin.

What demographic variables are associated with vaccine refusal?

  • Educational background

  • Age of children 

  • Residency 

Which demographic populations need outreach to encourage vaccine uptake?

Suburban and higher-income urban communities were more likely to have higher rates of vaccination exemption vs. rural counties. “Austin, Dallas-Fort Worth and Houston were the cities with the highest risk of vaccine opt-outs. Areas with higher percentages of young children, ethnically white people and people with a bachelor's degree were more likely to have higher vaccination exemption rates.”

Case Study - Rio Grande Valley.

What demographic variables are associated with vaccine refusal?

  • economic status 
  • knowledge of vaccines/access to health education 

Which demographic populations need outreach to encourage vaccine uptake?

low-income, rural, minority individuals who live in medically underserved settings such as the Rio Grande Valley (RGV). 

-less educated and economically disadvantaged and have low health literacy.