Cite It Right

Chicago Manual of Style

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Chicago Core Elements

CMS includes two types of citations:

  • Note-bibliography style: Includes footnotes or endnotes. Usually includes a bibliography. (Humanities)  In the examples below, N = the format for footnotes or endnotes; B = the format for bibliography or works cited
  • Author-date style: Sources are included in the text as author's last name and the date of publication in parentheses. The text is followed by a list of references with full citations. (Social Sciences)

Note Bibliography Style

N:

     1. Author First Name Last Name, "Title of Article," Journal Title volume, no. (year): page number, DOI or URL.

 

B:

Author Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article," Journal Title volume, no. (year): page numbers. DOI or URL.

 

Examples:

N:

      1. Susan Peck MacDonald, “The Erasure of Language,” College Composition and Communication 58, no. 4 (2007): 619, http://www.jstor.org/stable/20456967.

B:

MacDonald, Susan Peck. “The Erasure of Language.” College Composition and Communication 58, no. 4 (2007): 585-625. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20456967.

N:

     1. Author First Name Last Name/Corporate Author, “Title of Web Page,” Publishing Organization or Name of Website, publication/last modified date, URL.

*if there is no author listed, start with the page title.  If there is no date of publication or revision, include an accessed date.

B:

Author Last Name, First Name/Corporate Author. “Title of Web Page.” Publishing Organization or Name of Website. Publication/last modified date. URL.

*if there is no author listed, start with the page title.  If there is no date of publication or revision, include an accessed date.

Examples:

N:

     1. Mister Jalopy, “Effulgence of the North: Storefront Arctic Panorama in Los Angeles,” Dinosaurs and Robots, last modified January 30, 2009, http://www.dinosaursandrobots.com/2009/01/effulgence-of-north-storefront-arctic.html.

B:

Mister Jalopy. “Effulgence of the North: Storefront Arctic Panorama in Los Angeles.” Dinosaurs and Robots. Last modified January 30, 2009. http://www.dinosaursandrobots.com/2009/01/effulgence-of-north-storefront-arctic.html.

N:
     1. Author First Name Last Name, Title of Book (Place of  publication: Publisher, Year of publication), page number.

B:

Author Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication.

Examples:

N:

     1. William Faulkner, Absalom, Absalom! (New York: Vintage Books, 1990), 271.

B:

Faulkner, William. Absalom, Absalom!. New York: Vintage Books, 1990.

 

Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri, on the other hand, argue that the Internet is an exemplar of the rhizome: a nonhierarchical, noncentered network—a democratic network with “an indeterminate and potentially unlimited number of interconnected nodes [that] communicate with no central point of control.” 2

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Author Date Style

Format:

Author Last Name, First Name. Year. "Article Title." Journal Title Volume, no. (Month or Season): Page Range of Article. DOI or URL.

 

Example: 

Hout, Michael. 2015. "College Success and Inequality." Contexts 14, 2 (Spring): 62-63. https://doi.org/10.1177/1536504215585787.

Format:

Author Last Name, First Name/Corporate Author. Last Modified/Accessed Year. "Page Title." Website Title. Accessed Month Day. URL.

*if there is no author listed, start with the page title.  If there is no date of publication or revision, use n.d. where the date would go and an accessed date.

 

Example: 

Kulowiec, Greg. n.d. "Cell Phones as Classroom Tools."  TeachingHistory.org. Accessed October 12, 2016. http://teachinghistory.org/digital-classroom/tech-for-teachers/25273.

Format:

Author Last Name, First Name. Year. Book Title. Place: Publisher.

*for e-books, include the provider of the book or the URL at the end of the citation.

 

Example: 

Rosenbaum, James. 2009. After Admission: from College Access to College Success. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

 

Sources are cited in parentheses, by the author's last name and date of publication. 

Example:

One Author:    (Brown 2012)

Two or three authors: (Brown, Ivie, and Acker 2008)

Four or more authors: (Canady et al. 1992)

 

 

 

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