Publishing Journal Articles

Open Access

Gold Open access imageGold APC

Article Processing Charge (APC)

  • Non-subscription journals
  • APC paid by authors
  • Authors retain copyright

Gold Hybrid

  • Peer-reviewed articles are published in subscription-based journals and made available via open access
  • Authors may pay APC
  • Variety of models

green open access

Self Archiving

  • Institutional repository
  • Subject-specific repository
  • Scholarly social media (e.g., ResearchGate,
  • No peer review
  • No cost to authors
  • Authors retain copyright



The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition is an international alliance of academic and research libraries working to correct imbalances in the scholarly publishing system. SPARC®'s website offers valuable resources on authors' rights: