Art & Art History

Find authoritative sources for your art / art history paper or project.

Citing Sources in Chicago Style

Art history and History are two disciplines that typically use Chicago Style for documenting and citing sources. Check out these helpful links.

Citing an Image

Identifying information is required for any image you use in a paper or presentation. Images are not generally cited in a bibliography or note in Chicago style, but if such an entry is needed, see The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition, Section 14.235: Citing Paintings, Photographs, and Sculpture. The type of citation that is normally required is called a caption. A caption appears below the image and should contain as much of the following information as you are able to find.

  • Creator First Name Last Name
  • Title of work (in italics)
  • Date created
  • Medium (oil on canvas, photograph, poster, etc.)
  • Dimensions (in inches or centimeters)
  • Repository (institution that owns the image) and city or country where located
  • Image source (Database, website, book, etc.)

*Use n.d. to indicate no date
*ca., short for circa, may be substituted for the exact date if it is not known

Example: Diego Velázquez. The Toilet of Venus. 1647-51. Oil on canvas, 122.5 x 177 cm. National Gallery, London. ARTstor,

Tips on Writing about Art

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Citation Management

Get tips on using popular citation management tools with these Research Guides.